3D Printing

What is 3D printing?

3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, is a process that creates three-dimensional objects from a digital file. It involves building the object layer by layer using various materials such as plastics, metals, ceramics, and more.

How does 3D printing work?

The process of 3D printing begins with creating a 3D model using computer-aided design (CAD) software. The model is then sliced into thin layers, and the 3D printer reads each slice and prints them on top of one another to create the final object.

What types of 3D printers we use?

There are several types of 3D printers, including Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), Stereolithography (SLA), and Digital Light Processing (DLP). Each type uses different methods and materials to build objects.

What materials can be used for 3D printing?

3D printing materials vary depending on the type of printer, but common ones include plastics (PLA, ABS, PETG and other) and resins for SLA / DLP printing.

What can we make with a 3D printer?

3D printers can produce a wide range of objects, from simple prototypes and household items to complex mechanical parts, medical devices, fashion accessories, and artistic sculptures.

Is 3D printing expensive?

The cost of 3D printing can vary significantly depending on factors such as the project type, materials used, and the complexity of the object being printed.

Are 3D printed objects durable?

The durability of 3D printed objects depends on the material used and the application. Some materials, like high-strength plastics, can produce durable and functional parts, while others may be more suitable for decorative or low-stress applications.

How long does it take to 3D print an object?

The printing time depends on the size, complexity, and resolution of the object. Smaller and less complex objects may take just a few minutes, while larger and intricate pieces can take several days or more.

Is 3D printing environmentally friendly?

3D printing can be more environmentally friendly than traditional manufacturing processes for some applications. It can reduce material waste and transportation costs.

Can 3D printers print in color?

Yes, some 3D printers can print in color by using multiple print heads or by combining materials of different colors during the printing process.

3D Scanning

What is 3D scanning?

3D scanning is the process of capturing the three-dimensional shape and appearance of an object or environment using specialized equipment, such as 3D scanners or photogrammetry techniques.

What types of 3D scanners we use?

There are different types of 3D scanners available, such as structured light scanners and photogrammetry-based scanners.

What can we scan with a 3D scanner?

3D scanners can capture the shape and details of various objects, including mechanical parts, sculptures, artifacts, buildings, human bodies, and even entire landscapes.

What are the applications of 3D scanning?

3D scanning finds applications in various industries, such as engineering, architecture, art and heritage preservation, healthcare, entertainment, virtual reality, and quality control.

Can we 3D scan large objects or environments?

Yes, 3D scanning can be used to capture large objects or entire environments.

Is 3D scanning accurate?

The accuracy of 3D scanning depends on the type of scanner used, the scanning technology, and the resolution settings. Our scanners can achieve 0.05 mm resolution accuracy.

What file formats are used for 3D scan data?

Common file formats for 3D scan data include STL (Stereolithography), OBJ (Wavefront OBJ), PLY (Polygon File Format), and XYZ. These formats store the point cloud or mesh data representing the 3D model.

Can you 3D print from a 3D scan?

Yes, 3D scan data can be converted into a 3D printable format, and then 3D printed. This allows us to replicate real-world objects or create modifications based on scanned data.

3D Modeling

What is 3D modeling?

3D modeling is the process of creating a three-dimensional representation of an object or scene using specialized software. It involves designing and shaping digital objects with width, height, and depth, allowing them to be viewed and manipulated in a 3D space.

What are the different types of 3D modeling we can do?

There are several types of 3D modeling techniques, including polygonal modeling, NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) modeling, sculpting, and parametric modeling. Each method has its strengths and is suited for specific types of objects and applications.

What can we create with 3D modeling?

3D modeling allows us to create a wide range of objects, from simple geometric shapes to complex characters, vehicles, architecture, products, and even entire virtual environments.

Can 3D models be animated?

Yes, 3D models can be animated. This is commonly used in video games, movies, and other multimedia projects.

Is 3D modeling only used for entertainment purposes?

No, 3D modeling has a vast range of real-world applications beyond entertainment. It is widely used in industries like architecture, engineering, product design, medical visualization, scientific research, and more.

What file formats are used for 3D models?

Common 3D model file formats include OBJ, FBX, STL, Collada (DAE), 3DS, STEP and others. We choose the right one based on the intended use.

Can 3D models be 3D printed?

Yes, 3D models created with 3D modeling can be 3D printed. The model is typically converted to a printable file format and sent to a 3D printer for physical realization.

Industrial design and prototyping

What is industrial design?

Industrial design is the process of creating and developing concepts for products, systems, or services with a focus on aesthetics, functionality, usability, and manufacturability. We consider user needs, market trends, materials, and production processes to create innovative and practical solutions.

Why is prototyping important in the industrial design process?

Prototyping is crucial in the industrial design process because it allows designers to bring their concepts to life in physical form. Prototypes help validate design decisions, test functionality, identify potential flaws, and gather feedback from stakeholders and users before mass production.

What are the benefits of rapid prototyping in industrial design?

Rapid prototyping enables designers to iterate and refine their designs more efficiently, reducing development time and costs. It allows for quicker testing of ideas and helps identify design flaws early in the process, leading to better final products.

How are prototypes manufactured?

Prototypes can be manufactured using various techniques, including 3D printing, CNC machining, vacuum casting, and more. The choice of method depends on factors such as the complexity of the design, required materials, and budget.

How does industrial design impact product success?

Industrial design plays a significant role in a product’s success. A well-designed product with a strong focus on user experience, aesthetics, and functionality is more likely to attract consumers, receive positive reviews, and stand out in the market, leading to increased sales and brand loyalty.